An autopsy is a medical examination of a body after death. Autopsies are done to determine cause of death or to confirm a suspected diagnosis.
Autopsies are performed for several reasons, including the following:
When a suspicious death occurs
When there's a public health concern, such as a mysterious disease
If someone dies unattended by a doctor, or if the attending doctor is uncomfortable signing the death certificate
The family or legally responsible designee of the deceased person can ask the doctor or authorities for an autopsy
Autopsies ordered by the state can be performed by a county coroner, who is not necessarily a doctor. A medical examiner who performs an autopsy is a doctor, usually a pathologist.
Autopsy procedure begins with the general and ends with the specific:
First, a visual examination of the entire body is done, including the organs and internal structures.
Then, microscopic, chemical, and microbiological examinations may be made of the organs, fluids, and tissues.
All organs removed for examination are weighed, and a section is preserved for processing into microscopic slides.
A final report is made after all laboratory results are complete.
Autopsies are generally done without charge and may last 2 to 4 hours.