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Detailed Test & Procedure Guides

  1. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)

    Alpha-fetoprotein screening is a blood test that measures the level of AFP in the mothers' blood. Abnormal levels may indicate certain problems with the fetus.

  2. Amniocentesis Procedure

    Amniocentesis is a procedure used to obtain a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy. The fluid is analyzed to help diagnose certain birth defects.

  3. Biophysical Profile

    A biophysical profile is a test that’s sometimes given during your third trimester of pregnancy. It is typically done if the health of your baby is in question because of the results of another test, because of certain pregnancy symptoms, or if your pregnancy is high risk.

  4. Biophysical Profile (BPP)

    A biophysical profile is a test that combines a nonstress test with ultrasound. It's usually performed in the last trimester.

  5. Cesarean Delivery

    Cesarean delivery is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus. This procedure is performed when it is determined to be a safer method than a vaginal delivery for the mother, baby, or both.

  6. Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)

    This prenatal test involves taking a sample of tissue from the placenta to test for chromosomal abnormalities and certain other genetic problems.

  7. Doppler Flow Studies

    Doppler flow is a type of ultrasound that measures the flow of blood through a blood vessel. Doppler flow studies may be used to assess blood flow in the umbilical blood vein and arteries, fetal brain, and fetal heart.

  8. Episiotomy

    During childbirth, the vagina may not stretch enough. If this occurs, your health care provider may perform an episiotomy to help enlarge the opening and deliver the baby.

  9. External and Internal Heart Rate Monitoring of the Fetus

    The fetal heart rate may change as the fetus responds to conditions in the uterus. An abnormal fetal heart rate or pattern may indicate that the fetus is not getting enough oxygen or that there are other problems.

  10. Fetal Blood Sampling

    Fetal blood sampling is a procedure to remove a small amount of blood from the fetus during pregnancy. It may be taken to diagnose problems or an infection.

  11. Fetal Movement Counting

    Fetal movement counting, often called kick counting, is a way a mother can help monitor the movements of her unborn baby by counting the number of kicks in a certain time period.

  12. Fetal Ultrasound

    Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy that creates an image of the fetus in the mother's uterus, or womb.

  13. First Trimester Screening

    Screening during the first trimester is a combination of ultrasound and two blood tests. These tests can help determine the risk of certain birth defects.

  14. Nonstress Testing

    Detailed information on nonstress testing

  15. Second Trimester Prenatal Screening Tests

    Screening is usually performed by taking a sample of the mother's blood between the 15th and 20th weeks of pregnancy (16th to 18th is ideal).